No. 14/June 27, 1997
Another Survey of IPM Adoption
In last week's issue (no. 13) of our Bulletin, we put together an article that described four categories of IPM adoption. The descriptions were gleaned from the report, Pest Management at the Crossroads, published by the Consumers Union in 1996. Another organization, the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), is providing an opportunity to respond to questions they intend to include in a fall survey aimed at measuring IPM adoption. The survey is designed to collect information on crop acreage, livestock inventories, agricultural land values, chemical use, and integrated pest management (IPM) practices. Recall the Clinton administration challenge to have IPM implemented on 75 percent of the nation's managed acres by the year 2000? The results from this fall survey should begin to shed some light on this question. The survey is designed to provide input on general IPM practices cutting across all crops.
Questions that may be included in the fall survey are provided. As you read through this list, you might ask yourself the following questions: (1) How many of the described pest management practices do I utilize? (2) Would my production operation fit under the category of IPM farming?
- Did you use any seed varieties that were genetically altered to be pesticide resistant?
- Did you use Bt variety seed for insect resistance?
- Did you use any additional seed treatments that would protect the crop from either weeds or other pests?
- Were any of the crops on this operation scouted for pests (weeds, insects, or diseases) using a systematic method?
- Were records kept to track the activity or numbers of different pests?
- Did you use scouting data and compare it to university or Extension guidelines for infestation thresholds to determine when to apply pesticides?
- Did you use recommendations from an independent consultant in deciding if pesticides should be applied?
- Did you use field mapping of previous weed problems to determine whether or not to apply a preemergence herbicide?
- Did you use biological soil analysis to detect the presence of pests, such as insects, disease, or nematodes?
- Did you use pheromone lures on any crops?
- Did you cultivate any crops to control weeds, in lieu of applying herbicides?
- Did you use practices such as tilling, mowing, burning, and/or chopping of field lanes or roadways to keep pests from spreading into other fields?
- Did you remove weeds from infested areas to prevent insect egg laying?
- Did you clean tillage or harvesting equipment after completing field work for the purpose of reducing the spread of pests?
- Did you use water management practices, such as controlled drainage or irrigation scheduling, excluding chemigation, to control pests?
- Did you adjust row spacing or plant density of crops to control pests?
- Did you adjust planting or harvesting dates for any crops to control pests?
- Did the presence of beneficial insects influence your use of pesticides?
- Did you purchase and release beneficial insects for any crops?
- Do you alternate pesticides from year to year to keep pests from becoming resistant to pesticides?
- Do you rotate crops for the purpose of controlling pests?
The National Agricultural Statistics Service would like our help in providing some input to the following questions. (1) Are there other broadly used pest management practices that are missing from the current list? If yes, what are they? (2) Are there practices listed that are not valuable indicators of participation in IPM practices? If yes, which ones?
How many of the 21 questions were you able to answer yes to? How far along the continuum of IPM adoption, as described in last week's Bulletin, is your farming operation? More questions for reflection.
Mike Gray, Extension Entomologist, (217)333-6652