Extension center educators, unit educators, and unit assistants in northern, west-central, east-central, and southern Illinois prepare regional reports to provide more localized insight into pest situations and crop conditions in Illinois. The reports will keep you up to date on situations in field and forage crops as they develop throughout the season. The regions have been defined broadly to include the agricultural statistics districts as designated by the Illinois Agricultural Statistics Service, with slight modifications:|
· North (Northwest and Northeast districts, plus Stark and Marshall counties)
· West central (West and West Southwest districts, and Peoria, Woodford, Tazewell, Mason, Menard, and Logan counties from the Central district)
· East central (East and East Southeast districts [except Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties], McLean, DeWitt, and Macon counties from the Central district)
· South (Southwest and Southeast districts, and Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties from the East Southeast district)
We hope these reports will provide additional benefits for staying current as the season progresses.
Soybean harvest began in many areas last midweek and is in full activity.
Corn harvest progress north of Interstate 80 will average less than 10% harvested. Although not as widespread as last year, poor stalk quality due to stalk rot has been observed throughout the region. Based on Extension educators' fall European corn borer (ECB) survey, second-generation egg laying and survival were higher than expected. ECB populations going into the winter are higher than the last few years.
Soybean cyst nematode screening clinics, sponsored by Extension, have been scheduled throughout November in Grundy, LaSalle, Bureau, Peoria, and Woodford counties. Interested participants are encouraged to call the host Extension Unit office for program dates and locations.
Harvest is progressing rapidly, with some farmers finished. Most yields reported are average to slightly above average. The majority of corn yields are 160 to 180 bushels, and most soybean yields are in the range of 45 to 55 bushels per acre. There are scattered reports of yields above and below those ranges.
Normal postharvest activities have begun. These include soil testing, dry fertilizer application, and tillage. Farmers are waiting for lower soil temperatures before applying anhydrous ammonia.
Fertilizer dealers are reporting anhydrous ammonia prices will be well below spring prices and possibly below prices a year ago.
Alfalfa harvest now will be delayed until dormancy.
Wheat planting has begun in the southern part of the region. There still is not much interest in the crop, even though farmers had excellent yields and quality this year. Therefore, wheat acres are not expected to increase much.