Issue No. 6, Article 8/April 30, 2004
Regional ReportsExtension center educators, unit educators, and unit assistants in northern, west-central, east-central, and southern Illinois prepare regional reports to provide more localized insight into pest situations and crop conditions in Illinois. The reports will keep you up to date on situations in field and forage crops as they develop throughout the season. The regions have been defined broadly to include the agricultural statistics districts as designated by the Illinois Agricultural Statistics Service, with slight modifications:
- North (Northwest and Northeast districts, plus Stark and Marshall counties)
- West-central (West and West Southwest districts, and Peoria, Woodford, Tazewell, Mason, Menard, and Logan counties from the Central district)
- East-central (East and East Southeast districts [except Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties], McLean, DeWitt, and Macon counties from the Central district)
- South (Southwest and Southeast districts, and Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties from the East Southeast district)
We hope these reports will provide additional benefits for staying current as the season progresses.
Widespread precipitation throughout the region on April 20 and 24 slowed planting progress. However, the moisture was welcome, as soil conditions were dry in most areas. By late this week, corn planting will be more than 60% complete throughout the entire area. Some producers have slowed their planting progress due to the cool soil temperatures.
The earliest-planted corn has begun to emerge, in spite of the cool temperatures. No insect problems have been reported, but as stated earlier corn has just begun to emerge. Many untilled fields have emerged winter annuals, including chickweed, pennycress, and marestail.
Pastures and alfalfa responded very well to the rainfall, confirming the dry soil conditions.
This past week brought anywhere from 1 to 3 inches of much-needed rain to most of the region. Temperatures have also been somewhat cooler. Corn planting is almost completely finished, a far cry from 1 year ago. Most of the corn that was planted before these rain events is up. However, some problems with uniform emergence have been reported throughout the area due to the lack of moisture at planting.
No major pest problems have been reported; however, bean leaf beetles are out and need to be watched.
There have been a few reports of soybeans being planted in the eastern part of the region, but with the recent rains, all fieldwork has come to a halt.
Wheat is continuing to grow well, with most of it in Feekes growth stages 9-10.
Alfalfa is continuing to grow rapidly, with plant heights ranging from 18 to 22 inches. Check the PEAQ Web site for development and recommendations for first harvest in the regions. Alfalfa weevil injury to threshold levels has been reported in the region, so continue scouting fields.