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Issue No. 25, Article 6/December 8, 2006

Regional Reports

Extension center educators, unit educators, and unit assistants in northern, west-central, east-central, and southern Illinois prepare regional reports to provide more localized insight into pest situations and crop conditions in Illinois. The reports will keep you up to date on situations in field and forage crops as they develop throughout the season. The regions have been defined broadly to include the agricultural statistics districts as designated by the Illinois Agricultural Statistics Service, with slight modifications:

  • North (Northwest and Northeast districts, plus Stark and Marshall counties)
  • West-central (West and West Southwest districts, and Peoria, Woodford, Tazewell, Mason, Menard, and Logan counties from the Central district)
  • East-central (East and East Southeast districts [except Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties], McLean, DeWitt, and Macon counties from the Central district)
  • South (Southwest and Southeast districts, and Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties from the East Southeast district)
  • We hope these reports will provide additional benefits for staying current as the season progresses.

    Northern Illinois

    Corn harvest is complete for all practical purposes, with only a few scattered fields remaining to be harvested. However, last week's snowfall throughout most of the region has halted all field activity. A large portion of the region received at least 10 inches of snow, with some areas reporting 18 inches. Some producers had not finished anhydrous ammonia application and fall tillage activities.

    Corn harvest continues in most areas, with the southern third of the northern region about 90% or more complete, and the remainder of the region varying from 60% to 80% complete. A large majority of cornfields have yielded from 180 to 200-plus bushels per acre. Disease resistance and stalk strength are certainly variable among the hybrids this year. Stalk rot problem fields are still evident and are slowing down harvest completion.

    Soybean harvest is over 95% complete, with most fields yielding between 45 and 60 bushels per acre. Overall, soybean yields may be the highest in the northern region for nearly 10 years or more.

    The majority of the seeded wheat has emerged, and 2007 wheat acreage may be higher than 2006's.

    Southern Illinois

    The major issue in the southern region is directly related to the heavy rains and ice storm on November 30. Wheat fields throughout the area are saturated, and fields with poor surface drainage have ponded areas. In the western portion of the region, up to 2 inches of ice and sleet accumulated on fields, and unless this melts rather quickly, stand damage is likely.

    West-Central Illinois

    Harvest is complete, and 80% to 90% of the fall tillage is done. Also, close to 90% of the anhydrous has been applied. There will definitely be an increase in corn acres, judging by the amount of anhydrous being applied and tillage to cornstalks. Wheat acres will also be up this year. The wheat is looking much better with the warmer temps that we experienced the last few weeks. More tillage and fertilizer will continue if weather permits. Prices continue to climb, and farmers are in very good moods.

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