Issue No. 5, Article 13/April 23, 2004
Extension center educators, unit educators, and unit assistants in northern, west-central, east-central, and southern Illinois prepare regional reports to provide more localized insight into pest situations and crop conditions in Illinois. The reports will keep you up to date on situations in field and forage crops as they develop throughout the season. The regions have been defined broadly to include the agricultural statistics districts as designated by the Illinois Agricultural Statistics Service, with slight modifications:
- North (Northwest and Northeast districts, plus Stark and Marshall counties)
- West-central (West and West Southwest districts, and Peoria, Woodford, Tazewell, Mason, Menard, and Logan counties from the Central district)
- East-central (East and East Southeast districts [except Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties], McLean, DeWitt, and Macon counties from the Central district)
- South (Southwest and Southeast districts, and Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties from the East Southeast district)
We hope these reports will provide additional benefits for staying current as the season progresses.
Before the recent rain, which covered most of the region, corn planting continued at a rapid pace, with many farmers finished. Some farmers had stopped planting because of dry soil conditions and will finish as soon as they can get back into the field. One dealer indicated he had never seen so much corn planted so early.
The earliest-planted corn is emerged, with good stands, and the later plantings needed rain for uniform emergence. Herbicide application had been delayed in some areas because of windy conditions.
No major pest problems have been reported. Black cutworm moth catches have been fairly light except in some areas near Quincy. Begin scouting for soil insects as corn emerges.
Soybean planting began to a limited extent before the rain. Most farmers were waiting to plant later or for a rain.
In general, wheat looks good, with most of it in growth stages V6-V8. There have been reports of soilborne mosaic and other viral diseases in some fields. Affected plants will appear light green to golden yellow in color, with patchy, uneven stands. Hopefully, the plants will recover when the weather turns warmer.
Alfalfa is growing rapidly, with plant height in some areas approaching 16 to 20 inches. Check the PEAQ Web site for crop development and recommendations for first harvest in the region. Alfalfa weevil feeding is just now being reported in the region, so begin scouting for it.