Issue No. 23, Article 14/October 7, 2005
Rainfall in the last week of September slowed harvest progress throughout the northern region, but by early this week, activity was occurring in earnest. Extension educators' corn harvest estimates range from 10% complete in the Winnebago/Stephenson county area, adjacent to Wisconsin, to 15% complete in Grundy County, adjacent to Interstate 80. Growers are concerned about deteriorating cornstalk quality and slow dry-down rates. Reported yields to date have ranged from 30 bushels or less per acre to over 200.
Generally, soybean yields have been higher than expected, but a wide yield range is still reported by producers, from 20 bushels per acre to a few extremes of 70-plus bushels per acre.
The crop season is starting to wind down rapidly. It has certainly been an interesting season, with several unexpected turns.
An extremely common comment has been "better than I expected." Most corn and soybean yields have been significantly higher than anticipated. A few southeastern Illinois growers may exceed 2004 yields. Other producers may have some disappointing fields, but overall most will be above trend-line yield.
There have been issues with cornstalk integrity; however, favorable harvest conditions have let producers minimize the potential effect of stalk rot. A few counties will approach completion of corn harvest this week. Others will probably switch to making soybeans the priority. Fall wheat seeding is under way.
Have a safe harvest season!
About 50% to 60% of corn and 30% to 40% of soybeans have been harvested.Yield reports are across the board, as we expected. Corn yields are from 0 to 210 bushels per acre, with most from 125 to 150. Soybean yields seem to be faring better at 30 to 75 bushels per acre, with most in the high 40s and 50s. Producers are seeding or preparing to seed wheat, following the fly-free dates that vary across the region. Producers are stockpiling lime on fields to be spread as soon as the harvest rush allows for time, and some deep fall tillage has been done.
Combines might need to be adjusted a little better, as several of us have noticed dense stands of both corn and soybeans growing in fields left untouched since harvest. Most stands follow combine patterns closely.