Issue No. 3, Article 9/April 9, 2004
Extension center educators, unit educators, and unit assistants in northern, west-central, east-central, and southern Illinois prepare regional reports to provide more localized insight into pest situations and crop conditions in Illinois. The reports will keep you up to date on situations in field and forage crops as they develop throughout the season. The regions have been defined broadly to include the agricultural statistics districts as designated by the Illinois Agricultural Statistics Service, with slight modifications:
- North (Northwest and Northeast districts, plus Stark and Marshall counties)
- West-central (West and West Southwest districts, and Peoria, Woodford, Tazewell, Mason, Menard, and Logan counties from the Central district)
- East-central (East and East Southeast districts [except Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties], McLean, DeWitt, and Macon counties from the Central district)
- South (Southwest and Southeast districts, and Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties from the East Southeast district)
We hope these reports will provide additional benefits for staying current as the season progresses.
Limited fieldwork was reported in several locations in the region over the weekend. However, activity had increased by midweek. Activities include anhydrous ammonia application, dry fertilizer application, oat and alfalfa seeding, and secondary tillage. Also, early preplant herbicide application and burndown herbicide applications are occurring.
With the dry soil conditions, producers have commenced fieldwork over much of the area. Applying anhydrous ammonia, performing primary and secondary tillage, and corn planting are taking place. Soil moisture levels are such that many producers are reporting excellent working conditions. Soil temperatures at the 4-inch depth on the morning of April 7 were near 50°F.
Many producers are still waiting for warmer soil temperatures prior to "hitting it hard." Others have made the assumption that with the dryer and cooler soils, the corn will keep just as well in the soil as it will in the bag, and they're planting.
Several intense captures of black cutworm moths were noted on the morning of April 6 in Adams and Brown counties. Prior to that, an intense capture was reported in Adams County on March 28. Moth flights have occurred throughout the area, but few people have reported intense captures.
Wheat continues to tiller. Most nitrogen applications have been made. Some applications of Harmony Extra for garlic and winter annual weed control have been made.
Burndown herbicide application for no-till acres is beginning, as is dry fertilizer spreading.