Issue No. 3, Article 9/April 8, 2005
Extension center educators, unit educators, and unit assistants in northern, west-central, east-central, and southern Illinois prepare regional reports to provide more localized insight into pest situations and crop conditions in Illinois. The reports will keep you up to date on situations in field and forage crops as they develop throughout the season. The regions have been defined broadly to include the agricultural statistics districts as designated by the Illinois Agricultural Statistics Service, with slight modifications:
- North (Northwest and Northeast districts, plus Stark and Marshall counties)
- West-central (West and West Southwest districts, and Peoria, Woodford, Tazewell, Mason, Menard, and Logan counties from the Central district)
- East-central (East and East Southeast districts [except Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties], McLean, DeWitt, and Macon counties from the Central district)
- South (Southwest and Southeast districts, and Marion, Clay, Richland, and Lawrence counties from the East Southeast district)
We hope these reports will provide additional benefits for staying current as the season progresses.
Since April 1, fieldwork has increased, with the main activities focusing on anhydrous ammonia application and secondary tillage. Also, most of the oats and alfalfa scheduled to be seeded in the region have been seeded. Other activities include primary tillage and application of preplant herbicides.
Wheat has greened up nicely because of the constant warmer temperatures; however, some fields are exhibiting small areas with reduced stands from winter injury.
Extension educators are monitoring several black cutworm moth traps throughout the region, but no moths have been captured to date.
No or minimal precipitation has allowed fieldwork to continue, but rainfall is expected throughout the region on April 6.
Field drying has occurred, and farmers are continuing with tillage and limited corn planting. We had rain in parts of southern Illinois the morning of April 6, and that will alter the schedule.
Wheat is at growth stage 5-6 and finally looking a little better. Some failed fields will be destroyed if conditions permit.
There have been some reports of small alfalfa weevil larvae actively feeding. Producers should scout for this pest.
Tillage and fertilizer/chemical applications seem to be the predominant activities this week. Soil is working excellent.
A few corn planters are running, although many have yet to start. If we receive no rain this week, there will be plenty of activity next week. The most progressive corn planting is on the westernmost side of the state.
Wheat is greening up and tillering well.
Mike Roegge, crops educator in the Adam/Brown Unit, caught his first black cutworm moth on Monday.
Anhydrous ammonia is in short supply at some terminals. On the western side of the state, trucks are waiting up to 4 hours to load. However, most producers have most, if not all, NH3 applied.