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Issue No. 9, Article 2/June 3, 2011

Applying Fungicides to Early-Stage Corn

Similarly to 2010, applications of foliar fungicides to early-stage corn (V5-V6) are being marketed this year. Now, however, we have more data from research on application timing than we did a year ago. Data from multiple states were compiled and summarized by Drs. Kiersten Wise and Greg Shaner, Purdue University (Figure 1). This summary from seven states (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Kansas), indicates that a greater yield response was observed when fungicides were applied at R1 compared to V6, with the largest response being when V6 applications were followed by R1 applications.

Figure 1. A regional summary on research into timing of 2010 fungicide applications to corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Kansas. Data summarized by Drs. Kiersten Wise and Greg Shaner, Purdue University.

Dr. Eric Adee conducted a corn fungicide timing trial last year at the University of Illinois Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center near Monmouth. His results indicated that applications of Headline fungicide at the tassel emergence stage and 1 week following tassel emergence provided the best combination of disease control and yield response (Table 3). The trial had a high incidence of plants with top die-back symptoms, which were reduced significantly with fungicide applications made at tassel emergence and 1 week after.

Table 3. Results of an Illinois corn fungicide timing trial.

Headline fungicide timinga

Foliar disease severity (%)b

Top die-back (% incidence)b

Moisture (%)b

Yield (bu/A)b

Non-treated control

5 A

66 A

21.4 B

229 C

V5 application

5 A

65 A

21.5 B

234 BC

1 week before tassel

1 D

63 A

21.6 B

239 B

Tassel application

1 D

33 B

22.6 A

253 A

1 week after tassel

2 C

26 B

22.5 A

252 A

2 weeks after tassel

4 B

63 A

22.6 A

247 A

Research was conducted at the University of Illinois Northwestern Illinois Agricultural Research and Demonstration Center near Monmouth in 2010 by Dr. Eric Adee.
aHeadline fungicide was applied at 6 fl oz/A.
bValues followed by the same letter within a column are not significantly different with 95% confidence.

Symptoms of anthracnose leaf blight on a corn leaf.

From a disease control perspective, applications at the V5 to V6 stage would be too early to provide much protection against the most common foliar fungal diseases that can cause yield losses in Illinois corn fields (gray leaf spot, northern corn leaf blight, southern rust). Generally, the only fungal leaf disease observed on leaves of early-stage corn is anthracnose leaf blight (caused by Colletotrichum graminicola). This disease generally is most prevalent in corn-on-corn fields, since the pathogen survives on corn stubble. Most available information suggests that once corn reaches the 6-leaf stage or older, leaf lesions do not generally spread to the upper leaves. Management of anthracnose leaf blight of corn thus is not generally needed.--Carl A. Bradley

Carl A. Bradley

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